This Convention emphasized that developed countries are mainly responsible for historic and current emissions and must take the lead in combating climate change; that emissions from developing countries will rise as they industrialize; that states which are economically dependent on coal and oil will face special difficulties when energy demand changes; and that countries with fragile ecosystems, such as small island states and arid countries, are particularly vulnerable to the expected impacts of climate change.
America's cars and light trucks consume 8 million barrels of oil every day—an estimated 40 percent of U.S. oil consumption. Each gallon of gasoline burned produces 28 pounds of carbon dioxide, the primary contributor to global warming. American vehicles account for 20 percent of U.S. carbon dioxide emissions—and the U.S. is the largest producer of greenhouse gas emissions on the planet. The U.S. could substantially reduce both its dependence on oil and its carbon dioxide emissions by raising the vehicle mileage-per-gallon of new cars and light trucks.
Proposals on the federal, regional, state, and local levels aim to lower carbon emissions and encourage investment in renewable energy.
Renewable Energy is both clean and efficient and there are currently a number of energy resources that are being considered in the legislature.